1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The western from of formal education started back in 1842 by the activities of the Christian missionaries while real secondary education in Nigeria started in 1926 with first education followed by Hussey’s educational proposal of 1930
Since then mission and other voluntary organizations had been in control of primary secondary and teachers education till 1970 when the federal military government took over of school from voluntary organizations.
The aim and objective was to enable the government rededicate theracy in the country through rapid educational expansion. This led the federal military government of Nigeria to introduce the universal primary education (U.PE) (1976) this programme resulted in population explosion of pupils in primary schools to the extent that the existing school resources were no longer enough for the pupils now eager to recover education.
The pupils were sheds and manpower were equally not sufficient leading to the employment of untrained teachers usually described as auxiliary teachers ands also the introduction of crash programmes
The graduated of the primary schools found it difficult to get admission in the existing secondary school because of the insufficient number of secondary school is this pushed the government to establish secondary school here and there the communities also established secondary schools through self efforts to enable their children gain admission into schools near their homes to reduce the cost of feeding housing and other sundry expenses etc.
Unfortunately the aim and objective for the establishment of secondary education in Nigeria is no longer receiving the necessary attention hence our secondary education is facing a lot of set backs. This set backs cluster around ineffective and inefficient management of the secondary schools by the state ministry of education
For the aim and objective of secondary education to reflect its purpose there is the need for both efficiency and effectiveness in the management of the secondary school by both the state education ministry and secondary school management itself.
The success or failure of any school depends partly a the type of leader managing the affairs of the school. To perform effectively in the educational system and the schools as an educational system and the schools as an administrator the researcher has adopted the definition of leadership as by fielder (1967) and Stogdill (1960)
To Stogdil leadership is the process of influencing group activities towards goal- setting and goal achievement. Fielder focused on personal decision of leaders as constituting leadership effectiveness. He is of the view that a group success depends on two factors the leadership style and the amount of control and influence the leader has on a group also that task and outcome. It goes on to define the leader as the individuals in the group given the task related group activities and who in the absence of designated leader carries the primary responsibility of performing these functionless in the group.
The research beloved that a study on the problems and prospect of the administration of the secondary school in Enugu Urban would help to facilitate qualitative secondary education. It is hoped that it work have a better favourable impact on secondary school administration
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Effective and efficient educational administration is necessary for the achievement of educational aims and objective changes in aims of education will invariable lead to change administrative plans which in turn will give rise to problems of finance and ineffective manpower resources which are the necessary factors of administration needed for execution of educational objectives
The quest for secondary school education by the people ahs pushed the government into establishing many secondary schools
According to Ezeocha (1990) with the proliferation of secondary schools in the whole of Nigeria the government of each of the states has come face with the difficulties of meeting even the beeriest needs of these new colleges. The problem is therefore that the increase in the number and size of the schools have implication for administration one of the most pressing problem is to identify the prostate solutions to the many lingering problem facing the effective administration of the secondary school and to delineate adequate behavioural profit for effective management of schools that have grown in size and number. As a first step towards creating favourable conditions for leadership effectiveness and qualitative secondary education the study was confronted with problem of identifying
- The problems facing effective administration of the secondary
- The prospects to these problems
- The competencies needed for effective administration of the secondary school
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
According to Hicks (1953) “the fortunes of men throughout the ages have been determined largely by their leader” the dreams and aspirations of such generation have sought substance in the occupying position of responsibility. The role of leadership then may be one of societies most effective interment for advancement.
The purpose of this study therefore is to be able to sort out the problems of effective management of the secondary school the prospects and to provide a general overview of effective practice as per coved by those involved in the Nigeria federation of educational researchers (N.F.E.F). Also the state ministry of education is to know their duties and responsibilities towards the schools. Particular attention is gives to the attribute and qualities that were commonly seen as contributing towards “good” school leadership and school practice.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The success or failure of any school depends partly on the type of leadership managing the affords of the school likewise the ministry that is its administration hence the for the study is that leadership is a critical factor in he success of any system. Whatever helps the leader achieving maximum success is considered significant
Hence a study that attempt to define activities which should under lie effective administration is to that extent significant.
Hence a study that attempt to define activities which should under lie effective administration should be noted.
Furthermore when such problems are identified solutions analyzed and the competencies needed for effective administration collected they can be used to facilitates qualitative secondary education management achieve the objectives of secondary education asses the success of administration and can be used for in service education.
Information of such prospects and competencies needed for effective management of the secondary school is what those study hope to achieve which underscores the usefulness of the study. Hence the relevance of those study to educational practice cannot be in doubt
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
- What are there problems facing the effective management/administration of secondary schools in Enugu Urban?
- What are the steps to be taken in solving these problems and their prospects in solving these problem?
- What are competencies needed for effective administration of secondary school?
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study concentrates on the problems and prospects of the management of the secondary schools as well as the identification of the competencies which are seen as necessary for effective management of secondary school in Enugu.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
A research of this nature is not without its limitation
Firstly the inability to cover most of the school in Enugu state Urban hindered the researcher in accessing the full level of inefficiency is the secondary school administration in Enugu State Urban.
Although this research work is extensively within the topic yet it is by no means a conclusive one as for as the topic and other related ones are concerned.
More work has to be done on the topic to cover the whole state most especially the effectiveness of secondary school administration.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Proliferation: A rapid increase in number
Lingering: A longer stay or long instance of a situation.
Delineate: Portray by drawing a in world
1. Bankole C.A (1979) History of Secondary School Education in Nigeria
Ibandan Pan-Africa Publisher
2. Eseocha A.C (1990) Administration of Secondary School in Nigeria
Lagos Book Mark Publishers
3. Fielder A.O (1967) Positive impact of leadership Los Angelies. Scholarly Press
4. Hicks T.A (1953) Acquisition of Leadership Skill in the Modern World
5. Stodill F.N( 1960) Leadership Traits and Qualities New York Academic Press..