1.1 Background of the Study
First and most important the researchers understanding about family would be uncompleted without defining the word Marriage.
More especially the practices of the system of marriage in the Northern Nigerian states particularly Kastina State. Therefore, Katsina which is predominantly occupied by Hausa/Fulani people, where majority of them are Muslims and the minority are Christians, their way of life such as eating, dressing, dancing, language among others is totally based on Islamic principles and doctrine.
Marriage is an institution ordered by God since the Holy Qur’an (Q 30:20) God Himself choose woman (Eve) as a life partner and a helper to Adam in the garden of Eden, this can also found in Bible (Gen 2:21-23), we ascertain and justify the fact that God has given a divine recognition to marriage since the creation of the world in respect to the above references.
Allah decided to create woman out of man’s ribs so that man can be loved and respected of his wife like his own flesh and they will live in peace to procreate and replenish the earth.
Therefore, marriage is an institution by God, sanctioned by law and approved by public. In this our present generation today, we seemed to be confused about the important issues of lives because of this fact, many marriage has been disorganized, broken and often relinquish among the spouses. In fact, children are been brought disintegrating at a very rapid rate.
There is a serious problems in marriage in respect of this ugly trends, particularly these associated with early marriage that need to be tackled urgently to avoid disputes in the material homes of many fangs boys and young girls who are intended to marry in the future. Marriage therefore, in a real sense is something which is supposed to be a union between man and woman are fully matured and love each other to live together as husband and wife in their entire life. But according to African tradition polygamy is often adopted by some set of people, for instance, in the northern part of the country where Lere local government is located.
The dominant Hausa and Fulani who live base on Qur’an doctrine or principles often married more than one wife at a time. They said and quote “A man is allowed to marry one to four wives if he is willing to share love with them equally without bias”.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The impact of early marriage can be generally discussed under social and psychological views points of an individual and society. For instance, on the medical ground a young child who marry at a tender age may however, face three problems or tremendously health problems that is during pregnancy, during child delivery and after the delivery.
The diseases are “Anemia” in pregnancy (short of blood) Vesicle Virginal Fistula (V.V.F) (unusual communication between the bladder and vagina as a result of trauma sustained and serious bleeding respectively.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The major highlight of this research work is associated with the problems of early marriage it will explain the reasons why early marriage should be abolished from the society, it clear out a measure though which this problems could be solved and tackled
1.4 Significance of the Study
This project work will help the researchers to discover the central factor that encourage early marriage in Hausa’s society and also to highlight the dangers that are ahead of such marriages especially the medical or health effects on the young girls who marry at a very tender age of their youth.
After the medical consequences of early marriage on the young girls, the researcher also provides a good logistic background of comparison between the early marriage and the normal marriage in our society.
1.5 Research Questions
For researchers to be able to understand the negative consequences behind the early marriage in the society, the following questions should be considered:
i. What are the problems created by the early marriage in Katsina state?
ii. Is the educational backwardness of the society mainly boys and girls living in a particularly northern part of the country are associated with early marriage?
iii. What are the contributions of early marriage for the population growth and development of the society?
iv. Is the major child delivery difficulties experienced by many young girls in our society today can be associated with early marriage?
1.6 Delimitation of the Study
Due to the financial constraints and time factor the researchers decided to limit and narrowed the scope of this study to the Socio-Economic Implication Of Early Marriage: A Case Study Of Katsina Metropolis
The essence of this project is designed to investigated the socio economic implication, effects of early marriage in the society particularly in Katsina State.
The research also is to highlight the major problems associated with early marriage as well as finding the solution to the problems.
The chapter on this project deals with introductory part of the research work which includes the identification of early marriage, the purpose of the study, statement of the problems, the significance of the study and scope of the study..