BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Human trafficking as presently practiced is a recent addiction to the dictionary of global woes. Though rampant globally, corruption varies from region to region and country to country in its intensity. Human trafficking in contrasts tends to be systematic in its occurrence especially that its span increases as the globalization process intensifies. Though previously existence in forms such as prostitution, child contemporary human trafficking is an organized business. Women and children have been the victims of human trafficking for thousands of years.
This practice, going on throughout the centuries, finally became a political issue in the early 1900s. In 1902 the international agreement for the suppression of the while slave traffic was drafted out. Its purpose was to prevent the procreation of women and children for immoral purposes by (Asem, 2001). With the problem of human trafficking still growing in the middle of the country, the United Nations felt it is necessary to address the problem. This was done by the 1949 convention for the suppression of the traffic in person and of the exploitation of the prostitution of other which was retired by 49 countries around the world. The occurrence of human trafficking is not decreasing, million of women, men and children are still being kidnapped and transported from their homes, some are even sold by their families for meager amounts of money.
There are a number of common pattern for human trafficking around the world in many places, particularly developing nations, men and women are lured into good job in another country. Having no better option in his or her home country, they decided to move away unaware of the torture that lies ahead (Amnesty international 2004). Besides being lured with promises of a good job, there are other situation in which women receive false marriage proposals from men who plan to sell them into bondage. There are also instances when young girls are sold into the sex trade by their parents who are trying to earn some money.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The statement of this problem is to know what causes human trafficking in Nigeria one also to know their effect of human trafficking in Oredo Local Government Area to provide a suitable recommendation on the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria in order to improve the standard of our economy and the people in the country. One of the major causes of human trafficking is poverty and economic constraints, in this area, the government must be able to provide jobs for the people and also to improve the standard of our economy, if the government can be able to do this, the rate of human trafficking will be reduced to its minimum level.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study include the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria and to proffer a possible recommendations to this problem in OREDOLocal Government Area of Edo State for the people in the society to live a better standard of living in the country, and when there is a solution to this problem, our economy will improve faster or rapidly and create employment for people. For this purpose to be achieved in Egor, the government must be able to enforce laws and provide a suitable solutions to the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.