THE GROWTH OF INDIGENOUS FIRMS IN NIGERIA
This research was embarked upon to gain institute into growth of indigenous firms in Nigeria. This is specifically an attempt to investigate the impart of indigenous firms among others. The objective are not only to acquaint equitable growth for indigenous firm and also to cheek the problems and prospects and to equally highlight its relevance among indigenous firms review of relaxed literature and theoretical framework also is arranged in logical sequence for the purposed of this study secondary sources, this data was analyzed using simple percentage and chi square. The researcher also found out that the growth of indigenous firms also affects the scope-economic growth of our economy. It is clear to note that indigenous firms have create impact on the country economy through export promotion financial institution and industrialization development strategies. Finally, the summary of findings conclusion and recommendation where not left out, they are expected to serve as a basis for further researchers.
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND TO THE SUBJECT MATTER
One of the major economic backwardness of the most third world countries like Nigeria is the over prolonged sojourn of private foreign divestment in them. The predatory exploitative orientation and activities of foreign monopoly capital, it inherent tendency to resist and hamper local industrialization and to perpetuate merchanitte capitalism and its determination and deliberate efforts to retard the growth of endogamous entrepreneurship all this have heavily influenced Nigeria economic history for well over a century.
This foreign dominance of commercial activities in Nigeria was made possible by restrictive practices employed by the established merchant firms. It is important to note that commercial banking is a major source of credit (capital) was solely owned and controlled by foreign elements. Their policies were made towards satisfying the needs of foreign enterprise, indigenous entrepreneurs merely subjected on the crumbs that fell on the gable. (Ezeigwe .J. O) Nigerian government in the 1950s operated mainly an open door policy which attempted to live foreign investors into the country.
After the civil war, experiences showed that the issue of indigenous participation in the Nigerian economy once can be re-opened. The dubious role played by foreign investors at various stages of the civil war and the acute shortage of essential commodities at the same period and the spirally inflationary trend that followed post war reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes had contributed to inform the government that there was the necessity to allow the indigenes of Nigeria and government a hand in deciding their economic fortune. The government was further persuaded by radical agitation of the politician s and the masses to do something about their economic difficulties.
With these pressures and economic difficulties mounting higher and higher, the government decided to whittle down foreign dominance of the economy on 23rd February 1972, the military government promulgated the Nigeria enterprise promotion Decree No. 4 of 1977 popularly known as the indigenization decree the following were the objectives.
a) To create opportunity for our people
b) To raise the proportion of indigenous firms and ownership of the productive sectors of the economy.
c) To maximize local retention of profit
d) To involve more Nigerians in the management and decision making process of business enterprises. All in an effort to enhance indigenous growth of Nigeria firms.
1.2 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER
A number of problems have been identified as being responsible for the backwardness and retardation in the general growth of Nigeria indigenous firms the persistent set back in the growth of the indigenous firms have been assumed to center on the followings: Inadequacy of capital, poor technological manpower deficiency, mass illiteracy, management incapability and marketing in competency (National and internationally) etc there are many more that form the cove problems of the growth of our indigenous firms..