This research work focuses on corruption and insecurity in Nigeria a fight against it with particular reference to economic and financial crime commission. The specific objective of this study is to identify the main causes of corruption and insecurity in Nigeria, examine the weakness of EFCC in fighting corruption in Nigeria and as well make recommendation that will help in dealing with such problem. With these objective, the research proceeded to use primary data collected via questionnaires and secondary data collected, through internet, books etc, to conduct the study. In the course of the study, the researcher made use of 200 sample size out of 400 population using Yaro Yamani’s formular to get the sample size. The data collected were analysed using simple percentage method and tables. In the course of carrying out this research, the research discovered some of the causes of corruption and insecurity in Nigeria, they include, greedy, tribalism and nepotism and equally lack of supervision of EFCC by the Federal Government. And equally made recommendations that would help in tackling the problems.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title - - - - - - - - - -i
Approval - - - - - - - - -ii
Dedication - - - - - - - - -iii
Acknowledgment- - - - - - - -iv
Abstract - - - - - - - - - -v
Table of contents- - - - - - - -vi
1.0 Introduction - - - - - - - -1
1.1 Background of the Study - - - - -1
1.2 Statement of the Problem - - - - -3
1.3 Purpose of Study - - - - - - -4
1.4 Significance of the Study - - - - -5
1.5 Research Questions - - - - - -6
1.6 Scope of the Study - - - - - -6
1.7 Limitations of the Study - - - - -6
1.8 Definition of Terms - - - - - -7
2.0 Introduction - - - - - - - -9
2.1 The Concept of Computer - - - - -9
2.2 Concept of insecurity - - - - - -11
2.3 Historical Background of EFCC- - - -11
2.4 Motivation for engaging in corruption - - -14
2.5 Possible solution to corruption in Nigeria - -19
2.6 Manifestation of insecurity in Nigeria - - -21
2.7 Thematic explanation of causes of insecurity
in Nigeria - - - - - - - -25
2.8 Insecurity challenges: The way forward - -29
2.9 The scorecard of the EFCC - - - -31
2.10 Criticism of the EFCC - - - - - -33
2.11 The effect of Kidnapping on Nigeria Economy -34
2.12 Corruption and insecurity as factors militating against nation development - - - - -36
2.13 Summary of Literature Review - - - -39
3.0 Research Methodology - - - - - -40
3.1 Design of the Study - - - - - -40
3.2 Area of the Study - - - - - - -41
3.3 Population of the Study - - - - - -41
3.4 Sample Size/Sampling techniques - - -41
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection - - - -43
3.6 Reliability and Validity of the Instruments - -43
3.7 Distribution and Retrieval of the Instrument --44
3.8 Method of Data Analysis - - - - -44
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis - - - -46
4.1 Presentation of Findings - - - - -46
4.2 Discussion/Analysis of Findings - - - -56
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations -58
5.1 Summary of findings - - - - - -58
5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - -59
53 Recommendations - - - - - - -60
5.4 Suggestion for further studies - - - -61
References - - - - - - - -62
Appendix I - - - - - - - -63
Appendix II/Questionnaire - - - - -64
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
The greatest hindrance to development especially in the third world countries has been attributed to corruption and insecurity. Aliu (2010), observed that people in high places are corrupt because of greed. His view tend to have wider support as most people feel that the resources available in these country has the capacity to guarantee every members of the society with their basic need of life.
According to political bureau report (1987), corruption is essentially a product of our highly individualized materialistic society which emphasizes struggle by individuals to acquire as much wealth as they can without regard to how much wealth was obtained. Mba-Afolabi (1999), maintain that this situation has led individuals and groups of persons to pursue various illegal and anti-social means of making wealth.
Akintunde (2007), stipulated that the challenges that corruption poses to national life is grave. he maintain that since independence on 1960 successive administration have been enmeshed in crises of confidence based on formulating and implementing policy that will lead this country out of corruption.
Ibrahim and Igbuzor (2002), opined that the poor people in Nigeria rate insecurity as the key cause of poverty, they do not necessarily see poverty as a cause of armed conflict. They maintain that the inability of the government to provide basic infrastructural and basic service for its populace, new conflicts have emerged through politicized agents who have used the condition of the poor people to address the responses or non- responses of the state to the lawful learning of the citizen.
Finally, for the purpose of this study, insecurity is refers to the breach of peace and security, whether historical, religious, ethno-regional, civil, social, economic and political that have contributed to recurring conflict , which Nigeria has witnessed over the year resulting in wanton destruction and loss of lives and property.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
Suffice to state their insecurity and corruption has been identified as a main bane militating development and corruption national unity in Nigeria. The following research problems are identified;
- Does corruption and insecurity hinder the growth of our society.
- Does EFCC makes use of good strategies in fighting corruption
- Does qualified personnel engaged in fighting corruption.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY:
With this rhetorical question the researcher deems it imperative to delve on this topic “Corruption and insecurity in Nigeria, a fight against it. Every work must have its objectives in order to maintain a meaningful sense of direction, thus the following are the objective of this research work;
- To examine the causes of corruption and insecurity in Nigeria.
- To examine how corruption and insecurity hinders the growth of our society
- To examine the weakness of the institution set out to fight corruption
- To make recommendation, that will help in ameliorating the problem of corruption and insecurity in Nigeria.
1.4 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY:
- This research work is designed to know the eminent causes of corruption and insecurity and the best strategies to curb them.
- It will equally enlighten the general public on the negative effect of corruption and insecurity on the economy.
- It will serve as a reference material for further academic research work
- It will equally create an enabling environment for EFCC to fight corruption.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION:
1) Is poverty a contributing factor to insecurity in Nigeria?
2) Does corruption leads to insecurity?
3) Does tribalism and nepotism contributed to insecurity in Nigeria
4) Is EFCC successful in combating corruption?
5) Is greedy a contributing factor to corruption in Nigeria.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY:
This study focused on the corruption and insecurity in Nigeria. A fight against it: a study of economic and financial crime commission (EFCC).
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY:
The researcher faced several obstacles, hitches, hindrances at the cause of this research work which incapacitated him from carrying out a thorough job. These limitations range from insufficient fund, time tag, refusal by some of the staff of EFCC to give a necessary information.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS:
It is important to conceptualize the meaning of the key words used in this work as it will obviously facilitate the appreciation of this work of research.
EFCC: Economic and financial crime commission
CORRUPTION: Corruption is the diversion of resources for the betterment of the community to the gain of individual at the expense of the community
PROSECUTION: This is the process of trying to prove in a court of law that somebody is guilty of a crime.
CONVICTION: This is the act of finding somebody guilty of crime in a court of law.
MANIPULATION: This is the process of influencing somebody, often in a dishonest way so that they do not realize it.
INSECURITY: This is the breach of peace and security, whether historical, religions, ethno-regional, civil, social, economical and political that have contributed to recurring conflict..